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LEGISLATIVE UPDATE
2005 YEAR END WRAPUP

 

WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT ACTION DELAYED UNTIL 2006
H.R. 27, the Job Training Improvement Act of 2005, passed the House of Representatives on March 2, 2005

S.1021, the Workforce Investment Act Amendments of 2005, was introduced on May 12 and marked up (amended) and ordered reported by the Committee on May 18, 2005.  The Committee report was filed on September 7, 2005 and the bill was placed on the Senate calendar.  Although the HELP Committee tried to get unanimous consent (allowing a bill to be brought up for consideration without opportunity for amendments) to pass the WIA reauthorization during the final days of the 1st Session of the 109th Congress, several Members put holds on the bill, thus ensuring it would not receive consideration until 2006.


APPROPRIATIONS:  
 
ADULT EDUCATION SUCCESSFUL IN FIGHTING OFF CUTS

The President released his budget on February 7, 2005, proposing to cut adult education funds by $369.71 million.

The House of Representatives passed legislation appropriating funds for fiscal year 2006 for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services and Education (H.R. 3010) on June 24, 2005, by a vote of 250-151.  It contained level funding for adult education programs.

The Senate Committee on Appropriations ordered reported its version of this legislation on July 14, 2005 but it did not receive approval by the full Senate until October 27, 2005, after which the House and Senate Members met in conference to work out the differences.  The initial conference agreement failed to pass the House so the bill was sent back to conference for further consideration.  A final version was cleared for the White House on December 21 and signed into law by the President on December 30, 2005.  It is Public Law 109-149.

The final bill contained good news for adult education but included disappointing numbers for Even Start.  After deducting an across the board one percent cut for all programs contained in the Labor, Health and Human Services and Education bill, the final figures for adult education and Even Start were as follows:

  2006      2005
Adult Education State Grants:   $563,975,280     $569,671,872
Adult Education Natl. Programs 9,005,040 9,095,648
NIFL  6,571,620 6,638,464225,094,720
Even Start  99,000,000  

                                                       
WELFARE  - GOOD NEWS FOR ADULT EDUCATION

H.R. 240, the Personal Responsibility, Work, and Family Promotion Act of 2005, was introduced in the House of Representatives on January 4, 2005.  On February 10, 2005, the Subcommittee on Human Resources held a hearing on the bill.  On March 15, the Subcommittee on Human Resources approved an amended version of S. 240 and forwarded to the full Committee on Ways and Means for consideration.  No further action was taken.

S. 6, revising TANF, was introduced in the U.S. Senate on January 24 and referred to the Senate Finance Committee.  On March 9, the Committee marked up the Personal Responsibility and Individual Development for Everyone Act (PRIDE), clearing it for consideration by the full U. S. Senate.  No further action was taken.  However, the House Ways and Means Committee included the provisions of H.R. 240 in the budget reconciliation bill passed by the House of Representatives, H.R. 4241, the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005.

During a conference with the Senate on its version of this legislation, S. 1932, the Deficit Reduction Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 2005, changes were made to the provisions amending TANF, eliminating several of the provisions of concern to the adult education community.  One such provision was the inclusion of a superwaiver which would have permitted the Governor to waive key requirements of the adult education law.  A second provision, setting forth the amount of time individuals could participate in adult education full time was also eliminated.  The agreement did include a provision increasing federal oversight of state programs with respect to work participation.  One of the items for which the Secretary is to provide direction and oversight through regulation is on determining whether activities may be counted as “work activities,” how to count and verify reported hours of work, and determining who is a work-eligible individual.  Although the Senate passed this bill prior in 2005, the House is not expected to vote on the conference agreement until Feb. 1, 2006.
 


Adult Education Funds For FY 2006 Reduced 1%

Fyi -  - as described below, next year’s federal ABE funds will be reduced by 1% nationally to help fund hurricane relief costs.  Since ABE funding per state is census-formula driven, Minnesota’s amount of reduction may vary (up or down) from this national 1% reduction.  I do not have a state by state estimate yet.  Even Start takes a major hit.  See below.

On December 30, 2005, President Bush signed into law the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2006, which provides funding for Department of Education programs for FY 2006. This Act provided level funding for Adult Education State Grants, Adult Education National Activities, Perkins State Grants, Tech Prep State Grants, and Tribally-Controlled Postsecondary Vocational Institutions.  No funds were appropriated for FY 2006 for America’s Career Resource Network, Community Technology Centers, and the Tech Prep Demonstration programs.  Subsequently, the FY 2006 Department of Defense Appropriations Act reduced FY 2006 funding for these and most domestic and defense programs by one percent in order to help pay for hurricane-related relief.  As a result, FY 2006 appropriations for these programs are one percent less than the amounts appropriated for FY 2005.  See chart below.

FY 2006 Appropriations

USDOE - Office of Vocational and Adult Education Programs

Program

FY 05

FY 06

+/- FY 05

($)

+/- FY 05

(%)

Perkins State Grants

$1,194,331,296

$1,182,387,690[1]

-$11,943,606

-1.0%

Tech Prep State Grants

$105,811,680

$104,753,880

-$1,057,800

-1.0%

Perkins National Programs

$11,757,184

$9,164,430

-$2,592,754

-22.1%

Tech Prep Demonstration

$4,899,488

$0

-$4,899,488

-100.0%

ACRN (section 118)

$9,306,944

$0

-$9,306,944

-100.0%

Adult Education State Grants

$569,671,872

$563,975,280[2]

-$5,696,592

-1.0%

Adult Education National Programs

 

$9,095,648

$9,005,040

-$90,608

-1.0%

Community Technology Centers Grants

 

$4,960,000

$0

-$4,960,000

-100.0%

Tribally-Controlled Postsecondary Vocational Institutions

 

$7,440,000

$7,365,600

-$74,400

-1.0%

Incarcerated Youth Offenders

$21,824,000

$22,770,000

$946,000

4.3%

 

FY 2006 Appropriations 

Other ED Programs of Interest to OVAE

 

Program

FY 05

FY 06

+/- FY 05

($)

+/- FY 05

(%)

National Institute for Literacy

 

$6,638,464

$6,571,620

-$66,844

-1.0%

Even Start

 

$225,094,720

$99,000,000

-$126,094,720

-56.0%

Striving Readers

 

$24,800,000

$29,700,000

$4,900,000

19.8%

Smaller Learning Communities Grants

$89,752,291

$88,854,678

-$897,613

-1.0%

Smaller Learning Communities National Activities

 

$4,723,805

4,676,562

-$47,243

-1.0%

Dropout Prevention Grants

 

$4,930,240

$4,851,000

-$79,240

-1.6%

         

Cheryl L. Keenan, Director
Division of Adult Education and Literacy


[1] Of this amount, $391,387,690 is available for obligation on July 1, 2006 and $791,000,000 is available for obligation on October 1, 2006.

[2] Includes $67,896,180 for English Literacy/Civics Education

 

 

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