BEGINNING ESL LITERACY                                   COMPETENCY OVERVIEW
CASAS Range: 180 and below


By the end of this level, learners will…


  1. The alphabet
    1. Recite
    2. Read and write in upper and lower case
  2. Numbers
    1. Recite (count) to 100
    2. Count to 100 by 5’s
    3. Read and write cardinal numbers
    4. Read and write ordinal numbers 1st through 10th
    5. Write in words cardinal numbers 1 through 20
  3. Shapes
    1. Recognize and use the names for circle, square, rectangle, and triangle
  4. Colors
    1. Recognize and use the names for red, green, yellow, blue, black, white, pink, orange, brown, and purple
  5. Greetings, introductions, and farewells
    1. “Hello”
    2. “Hello, my name is”
    3. “Hi”
    4. “Good-bye”
    5. “Bye”
    6. “Thank you”
    7. “Thanks”
    8. “Your welcome”
    9. Shaking hands
    10. Making eye contact
  6. Personal information questions
    1. Read, write, and say first and last name
    2. Read, write, and say street address
    3. Read, write, and say city, state, and zip code
    4. Read, write, and say telephone number
    5. Read, write, and say birth date
    6. Read, write, and say social security number
    7. Spell first and last name orally
    8. Answer personal information questions

                                                               i.      When giving directions

                                                             ii.      When introducing self

                                                            iii.      When calling 911

                                                           iv.      When responding to queries for medical, school, social service, and employment personnel

    1. Complete a personal information form including a signature
  1. Use a telephone
    1. Contact school or work to report an absence
    2. Recognize the telephone book
    3. Know how to call 911
    4. Know how to answer the phone and express lack of understanding of caller
  2. Calendar
    1. Know the names of the days of the week, the months, and the seasons
    2. Read, write, and say the current date
    3. Write birth dates

                                                               i.      mm/dd/yy

                                                             ii.      mm/dd/yyyy

                                                            iii.      dd/mm/yy

    1. Know the difference between weekday and weekend
    2. Know the concepts of yesterday, today, and tomorrow
  1. Weather
    1. Know and using the vocabulary for different kinds of weather—hot, cold, cool, sunny, cloudy, rainy, snowing
    2. Ask and answer the questions

                                                               i.      “What’s the weather today?”

                                                             ii.      “What’s it like out?”

  1. Time
    1. Read analog and digital clocks
    2. Tell time to the quarter hour
    3. Know the concepts of “start time” and “end time” of “beginning” and “ending”
  2. Money
    1. Recognize US currency

                                                               i.      Penny

                                                             ii.      Nickel

                                                            iii.      Dime

                                                           iv.      Quarter

                                                             v.      Dollar bill

    1. Read monetary amounts
    2. Understand that the decimal point means cents
    3. Read price tags on food and clothing
    4. Read the amount payable on a check or money order
    5. Locate and read the amount due on a utility bill
  1. Directions
    1. Follow 1-step verbal directions
    2. Give 1-step verbal directions
    3. Ask for clarification of directions
  2. Food
    1. Recognize vocabulary for basic food items
    2. Read price tags
    3. Read and understands concept of expiration dates
    4. Know how to safely store and prepared food
    5. Recognize and interpret basic measurement concepts—cup, quart, gallon, pound
  3. Clothing
    1. Recognize vocabulary for basic clothing items
    2. Read price tags
    3. Read size tags including S, M. L, and XL
    4. Know what laundry soap is and how and why to wash clothes
  4. Housing
    1. Recognize vocabulary for different types of housing—house, apartment, mobile home
    2. Know names for different rooms
    3. Recognize and use the names for major furnishings—couch, chair, table, bed, lamp, stove, refrigerator, sink, toilet
    4. Know names and uses for basic cleaning products
    5. Know about home safety and security (locking doors, shoveling away snow and ice, etc.)
  5. Employment
    1. Know the names of a few entry level jobs along with basic vocabulary for these jobs
    2. Know how to fill out an application with name, address, phone, birth date, and social security number
    3. Use a phone to report an absence
    4. Ask for directions and clarification
    5. Know the signs and symbols for flammable, danger, poison, caution, no smoking, arrows
  6. Post office
    1. Know where the post office is
    2. Know the cost of stamps
    3. Know how to address an envelope

                                                               i.      Return address

                                                             ii.      Address

                                                            iii.      Stamp location

  1. Family
    1. Recognize and use the words for husband, wife, daughter, son, brother, and sister
    2. Ask and answer simple questions about family

                                                               i.      How many

                                                             ii.      What are there names

                                                            iii.      Where do they live

    1. Know about compulsory schooling for children and where and how to enroll a child in school
    2. Recognize proper care of children (food, shelter, hygiene)
  1. Personal health and safety
    1. Know and use vocabulary for body parts—head, neck, face, eyes, nose, mouth, ears, hair, arms, hands, fingers, stomach, heart, legs, feet, toes
    2. Know how to express a problem or illness relating to the body
    3. Answer questions about a problem or illness
    4. Ask and answer “How are you” in every day and medical situations
    5. Know how to call and make a medical appointment
    6. Read the date and time on a medical appointment card
    7. Know the vocabulary for doctor, nurse, clinic, hospital, and emergency
    8. Know how to call 911

                                                               i.      Orally give address

                                                             ii.      Describe emergency

                                                            iii.      Express lack of understanding or lack of English skills

    1. Recognize the symbols for poison, emergency, no smoking, flammable, danger, caution, arrows
    2. Identify safe driving practices (seat belts, child safety restraints)
  1. Directions and location
    1. Recognize the signs and symbols for: poison, emergency, no smoking, flammable, danger, caution, directional arrows, restroom, men, women, exit, bus signs, stop, yield, traffic lights, walk, don’t walk
    2. Use a map to locate Minnesota, the United States, their city
    3. Identify north, east, south, and west on a map
  2. Government
    1. Know the name of the US president and governor of Minnesota
    2. Know the colors of the US flag
  3. Grammar
    1. Subject pronouns
    2. Common verbs in present tense
    3. Prepositions—in, at, from, on, for, with, or, under, next, to, between, behind
    4. Singular and plural regular nouns