BEGINNING ESL                                                       COMPETENCY OUTLINE

CASAS Range: 191-200


By the end of this level, learners will have worked on and attained competency in the following areas:


  1. Communication
    1. Identify orally, read, and write self and personal information.

                                                              i.      Respond orally to verbal questions asking for the following

1.      race/ethnicity

a.      White, black, African, African-American, Hispanic, Asian

2.      education level

a.      Years of school completed

3.      country of origin

                                                            ii.      Read and provide written responses on simple personal information forms asking for the following

1.      name, address, telephone number

2.      social security number

3.      date of birth/birth date

4.      age


  1. Consumer Economics
    1. Recognize US currency, symbols relating to money, and read prices.

                                                              i.      Read ads and coupons for food and clothing

1.      How much does it cost

2.      percent off

3.      cost per item

                                                            ii.      Make change

                                                          iii.      Read and write a check or money order

    1. Identify basic foods, food groups, and healthy eating habits,

                                                              i.      Meats—beef, steak, hamburger, pork, ham, hot dog, chicken, turkey

                                                            ii.      Fruit—apple, banana, orange, strawberry

                                                          iii.      Vegetables—corn, beans, lettuce, cabbage, tomato

                                                           iv.      Sweets, dessert—cake, cookie, ice cream, candy

                                                             v.      Dairy—milk, cheese, eggs, yogurt

                                                           vi.      Bread, bun, rice, pasta, rolls

                                                         vii.      Sandwich, salad, soup, stew

                                                       viii.      Breakfast, lunch, dinner, snack, supper

                                                           ix.      Balanced diet, vitamins

                                                             x.      Food quantities

1.      loaf

2.      dozen

3.      half-gallon

4.      head

5.      bunch

6.      lb.

    1. Use vocabulary for home furnishings and reporting household repairs.

                                                              i.      Furnishings vocabulary—towels, pillows, rug, TV, bed, telephone, bathtub, stove, shower, sink, clock, lamp, refrigerator, couch

                                                            ii.      Where’s the ---

                                                          iii.      It’s in the ---

                                                           iv.      What’s the problem

                                                             v.      The --- is broken

    1. Recognize concepts and vocabulary for cleaning and hygiene.

                                                              i.      Vocabulary—bath soap, laundry soap, dish soap, washing clothes, bathing, taking a shower

                                                            ii.      Cleanliness habits and routines

    1. Name common items of clothing.

                                                              i.      Vocabulary—pants, shirt, dress, skirt, coat

    1. Follow directions of location.

                                                              i.      Aisle

                                                            ii.      Left, right

                                                          iii.      Arrows

    1. Follow directions of maintenance and care.

                                                              i.      Wash in cold water.

                                                            ii.      Dry clean only.

                                                          iii.      Do not put in dishwasher.

                                                           iv.      Wash before using.

                                                             v.      Do not use near water.

  1. Community Resources
    1. Use a residential telephone; call to request appointments; call 911.

                                                              i.      Call to inform work or school of absence or lateness

1.      I can not come to school/work today

2.      I am sick

3.      I have to go to the doctor

4.      I have to take my child to the doctor

                                                            ii.      Call to request appointments

1.      I would like to see the doctor/dentist

2.      I need to make an appointment

3.      I need to see the doctor/dentist

4.      I need to see a lawyer

                                                          iii.      Answer the telephone and respond or express a lack of understanding

1.      Hello

2.      This is ---

3.      I do not understand English

4.      I will get someone to help you

                                                           iv.      Call 911 using basic emergency vocabulary

1.      I have an emergency

2.      I need help

3.      Send the police

4.      Send the fire department

5.      Send an ambulance

6.      I am hurt

                                                             v.      Identify a telephone book

1.      find phone numbers

2.      find addresses

    1. Tell time using analog and digital clocks.

                                                              i.      Quarter hour, half hour

                                                            ii.      1:10, 1:40

                                                          iii.      am, pm

                                                           iv.      morning, noon, afternoon, evening, night, midnight

    1. Identify signs using sight words and symbols.

                                                              i.      enter, exit, push, pull, men, women, caution, no smoking, no swimming, arrows, directional signs, bus signs

    1. Use vocabulary to ask for and give simple directions.

                                                              i.      Vocabulary—turn left, turn right, go straight, next to, between, in front of, behind

                                                            ii.      Ask for directions

1.      Could you tell me how to get to

2.      How do you get to

3.      Where do I turn

4.      How do I find

    1. Know basic American holidays.

                                                              i.      Thanksgiving

                                                            ii.      Fourth of July

                                                          iii.      Christmas

                                                           iv.      New Year’s

                                                             v.      Valentine’s Day

                                                           vi.      Memorial Day

    1. Read a restaurant menu.

                                                              i.      Read names of food

1.      hamburger, chicken, steak, potato, French fries, salad, soup, drinks, coffee, pop, milk, eggs, toast, sandwich

                                                            ii.      Read prices

                                                          iii.      I would like ---

                                                           iv.      I would like to order ---

                                                             v.      How much is ---

    1. Know basic principles of safe driving.

                                                              i.      Seat belts

                                                            ii.      Child safety restraints

                                                          iii.      Speed limit

                                                           iv.      Driver’s license

                                                             v.      Stop signs

                                                           vi.      Stop lights

    1. Use a simple street or road map.

                                                              i.      East, south, north, west

                                                            ii.      Block

                                                          iii.      Turn right, turn left

  1. Health
    1. Recognize and identify basic body parts.

                                                              i.      Head, hair, eye, ear, nose, mouth, neck, lips, teeth, throat shoulder, arm, hand, finger, wrist, back, stomach, waist, heart, lungs, leg, hip, knee, thigh, shin, ankle, foot, toe

    1. Recognize basic vocabulary relating to illness and accidents.

                                                              i.      I have a pain in my---

                                                            ii.      My --- feels---

                                                          iii.      I’ve hurt my---

                                                           iv.      I have a --- ache

                                                             v.      I feel ill

                                                           vi.      I feel sick

                                                         vii.      I need to see a doctor

                                                       viii.      What’s the matter

                                                           ix.      How does he feel

                                                             x.      How do you feel

                                                           xi.      Hot, cold, cut, blood, broken, sprain, ache

    1. Recognize basic health care vocabulary.

                                                              i.      Doctor, nurse, dentist, hospital, clinic, health department, emergency room, thermometer, temperature, fever, blood pressure

    1. Read an appointment card.

                                                              i.      Read the date and time

                                                            ii.      Read the location

                                                          iii.      Understand how to get to the location or ask for help

    1. Interpret for simple first aid.

                                                              i.      Bandage

                                                            ii.      Aspirin

                                                          iii.      Apply pressure

    1. Interpret medication and prescription labels.

                                                              i.      Dose

                                                            ii.      Take orally

                                                          iii.      Take two

                                                           iv.      Do not give to children

                                                             v.      Teaspoonful, spoonful

                                                           vi.      Take with food, do not take with food

                                                         vii.      Store in the refrigerator

    1. Interpret basic nutritional information on food labels.

                                                              i.      Calories

                                                            ii.      Serving

  1. Employment
    1. Identify entry level jobs and associated vocabulary.

                                                              i.      Job title vocabulary—dishwasher, gardener, cleaner, janitor, housekeeper, construction worker, mover, cook, nursing assistant, taxi driver, bus driver, mechanic

                                                            ii.      Know names of different types of workplaces—office, office building, restaurant, hospital, nursing home, hotel, garage, factory, manufacturing plant

                                                          iii.      Workplace verbs—cook, fix, paint, answer, clean, make, plant, wait, stock, drive, help, sell

    1. Request a job application.

                                                              i.      May I have an application

                                                            ii.      I would like to apply for the job

    1. Complete a simplified job application with assistance.
    2. Respond to basic job interview questions.

                                                              i.      What is your name

                                                            ii.      What kinds of experience do you have

                                                          iii.      Did you work in your country

                                                           iv.      How long did you work as ---

                                                             v.      Why do you want to work here

                                                           vi.      Have you worked in the U.S.

                                                         vii.      What kinds of jobs have you done before

                                                       viii.      My name is

                                                           ix.      I worked as

                                                             x.      I would like

    1. Produce identification forms required for employment.

                                                              i.      Complete an I-9 and W-4 with assistance

                                                            ii.      Know about social security cards, passports, driver licenses and how to produce them for I-9’s

    1. Ask for assistance and clarification on the job.

                                                              i.      Use statements and questions to request clarification such as “could you repeat that” or “I don’t understand”

    1. Understand basic work safety phrases.

                                                              i.      Watch out

                                                            ii.      Look out

                                                          iii.      Be careful

                                                           iv.      It’s hot

                                                             v.      Don’t touch that

                                                           vi.      It’s wet

                                                         vii.      Wait

                                                       viii.      Go back

    1. Read a simple work schedule.

                                                              i.      Read written time

                                                            ii.      Understand the concepts of beginning and ending and starting and stopping

                                                          iii.      Know concepts of sequence—first, second, last, next

    1. Recognize pay stubs and deductions.

                                                              i.      Understand the difference between net pay and gross pay

                                                            ii.      Read monetary amounts

                                                          iii.      Understand the concept of subtraction or deduction

                                                           iv.      Know the different types of deductions—state and federal taxes, FICA, union dues, insurance, savings, retirement

  1. Computation
    1. Recognize, read, and write cardinal (through 100) and ordinal (through 10) numbers in numbers and words.

                                                              i.      Read and write as numbers cardinal numbers 1 through 100

                                                            ii.      Read and write as numbers ordinal numbers 1 through 20

                                                          iii.      Read and copy as words cardinal numbers 1 through 100

                                                           iv.      Read and copy as words ordinal numbers 1 through 10

                                                             v.      Chronological order

    1. Recognize basic cooking measurements.

                                                              i.      Lb., pound, net weight, per pound, cup, half-cup, teaspoon, tablespoon

  1. Learning to Learn
    1. Read and comprehend silently and aloud and answer questions.
    2. Determine main idea in a simple paragraph.
    3. Demonstrate sequential ordering of events from a simple paragraph.

                                                              i.      First, second, last

    1. Read a simple table, graph, or chart.

                                                              i.      Find specific information

                                                            ii.      Line graphs, bar graphs, picture graphs, circle graphs

    1. Follow a simple recipe.

                                                              i.      Directions—stir, add, mix, bake, cook

                                                            ii.      Quantities—tablespoon, teaspoon, cup, half-cup

                                                          iii.      Sequence

  1. Writing and Grammar
    1. Write dictation based on life skill topics.

                                                              i.      Work, shopping, house, family

    1. Demonstrate use of capitalization.

                                                              i.      Beginning of sentences

                                                            ii.      Proper nouns—names of people

    1. Write a basic friendly letter and address an envelope including the return address.
    2. Use subject pronouns.

                                                              i.      I, you, he, she, it, we, they

    1. Use demonstrative pronouns.

                                                              i.      This, that, these, those

    1. Use common verbs.

                                                              i.      to be present and past

                                                            ii.      to + location

                                                          iii.      to be in the negative

                                                           iv.      to be yes/no questions

                                                             v.      to do

                                                           vi.      present continuous

                                                         vii.      simple present

                                                       viii.      have/has

                                                           ix.      can/have to

                                                             x.      going to

                                                           xi.      want to

                                                         xii.      past tense—regular

                                                       xiii.      past tense—common irregular

    1. Use adverbs.

                                                              i.      here, there, today, always, usually, never, yesterday

    1. Use adjectives.
    2. Use prepositions of location.

                                                              i.      In, on, behind, up, over, down, next to, after, before

    1. Use common and proper nouns.

                                                              i.      With a/an as appropriate