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TECH TIP:  Internet Terminology

Here are some internet terms that you have no doubt seen but may not know what they actually mean.

 

HTTP:  Stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol.  When you see a website address, it frequently begins with http://.  HTTP is the protocol (or set of rules or methods) that govern how computers communicate with each other on the internet.  You don’t have to actually use the http:// when you type in an address because it is understood.

Example:  http://marshalladulteducation.org  or just  www.marshalladulteducation.org

 

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HTML:  Stands for HyperText Markup Language.  This is the language that is used to create a webpage.  Do you want to see what HTML looks like?  Open up any webpage in Internet Explorer.   Now click on the View menu and select Source.   What you are viewing is the HTML for that webpage.  WOW - who can understand that?

 

Now, you don’t have to be a genius and know all this HTML language stuff, because, most people use an HTML editor to create a web page.  An HTML editor is very similar to a word processor like Microsoft Word.  The HTML editor creates the HTML code automatically as you type and create the webpage.  Pretty Cool!  (The HTML editor I use is called Microsoft FrontPage).

 

You can also click on this link to see a sample of a simple webpage in HTML code.

http://www.bris.ac.uk/help/wmos/20a5/wm10_2.htm

 

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Browser:  This is a software program used to view web pages on the internet.  The 2 most popular browsers are Internet Explorer (owned by Microsoft) and Netscape (owned by AOL).  But there are many other excellent lesser known browsers, such as Mozilla (http://www.mozilla.org/), Opera (http://www.opera.com/),  Internet Explorer is the most popular browser with about 74% market share.  Netscape is next with around 13%.   All other browsers combined have around 13%.  Here’s a fascinating article about the “browser race” between Internet Explorer and Netscape (and why you may want to use one over the other).

http://reviews.cnet.com/4520-3514_7-5020639-1.html?legacy=cnet

 

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URL:  This stands for Uniform Resource Locator – it’s a fancy name for a website address.  The URL for the Marshall ABE webpage is http://marshalladulteducation.org.  Try this line on you friends:  "Say, have you come across any good URLs lately."  Think they'll know what you're talking about?

 

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Domain Name:  The name that identifies an internet site.  Marshall ABE’s domain name is marshalladulteducation.org.  You have to purchase a domain name  - it costs anywhere from $4.95 a year to $35 a year, depending on where you shop.  We bought our domain name from www.godaddy.com for $7.95 – they are the “Walmart” of Domain Name retailers – cheap!  Here’s an interesting story about a man by the name of Kerry Edwards who bought the domain name kerryedwards.com.  He is now looking to sell it for a hefty profit.  He already has a five-figure offer for his domain name.  Here are 2 links that tell this story:

http://www.suntimes.com/output/elect/cst-nws-domain09.html

http://money.cnn.com/2004/07/19/technology/kerry_edwards/

 

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ISP:  Stands for Internet Service Provider.  This is a company that offers access to the internet via a modem (dial-up over a telephone line), a high speed cable modem (a cable TV line), DSL high speed which also uses standard phone lines, or wireless which uses earth orbiting satellites to provide internet access.  Here are two articles that describes the different types of internet access more fully.

http://www.3com.com/corpinfo/en_US/technology/tech_paper.jsp?DOC_ID=5329

http://www.amherst.edu/it/networking/offcampus/oc_alternatives.html

 

When you sign up for internet access from an ISP, you are given a POP3 email account which allows you to send and receive email with an email program like Outlook Express or Eudora.  The cost for internet access through an ISP ranges anywhere from around 10 bucks a month to 50 bucks a month. 

 

Did you know that Walmart offers dial-up internet access (…is there anything Walmart doesn’t sell)?  See this link:

http://www.walmart.com/walmartconnect/isp/

 

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IP Address:  Stands for Internet Protocol Address.   Every computer connected to the internet has a unique IP address.   It consists of 4 numbers separated by periods.  Here’s an example of an IP address:  192.168.2.1.   Your IP address is assigned to you by your ISP.  An IP address is very similar to a street address.  Always keep in mind that you do nothing anonymously on the internet.  For example, your computer IP address is stamped on every email you send.  Do you want to know how “anonymous” you are on the internet?  Click on the link below and read the information about IP addresses.  Then click on the “Analyze my connection now” (about halfway down the page).  You’ll be amazed!

http://www.slais.ubc.ca/courses/libr500/fall1999/www_presentations/g_coleman/ipanalysis.htm

 

A domain name also has an IP address.  It is easier to remember a domain name than a set of four numbers, so we use domain names instead of IPs to go places on the internet..  Here is an IP address – click on it and see where it takes you – you may be surprised!   http://216.16.122.12

 

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